|The Daycare Diva's crash course in photography at MDAEYC spring 2014.|
Being a teacher of teachers has been dream that I’ve been chipping away at for roughly the last five years. There’s something wonderful about giving back to a community of people who have given so much to me. Thinking back to where I was when I first started out on this journey, I am astonished by how far I’ve come and how many people have been there to help me find my way. I am profoundly grateful to each and every one of them.
So to all of you THANKS A MILLION, you are pretty awesome. Lots of little people will benefit from your kind deeds and words of encouragement.
It's a beautiful thing being surrounded by so many people dedicated to the purpose of elevating the heart of humanity. While most presenters receive little more than the promise of good karma, they selflessly commit themselves to sharing what they know so that we can be better at what we do. How could you not want to bask in the awesomeness of that?
One of those shiny, kind hearted people is Professor Jean Allison from Baker College. This lovely lady gave up time seeing the keynote speaker at conferences to help me trouble shoot some technical problems with my computer and projector. When all of our efforts failed, she located a different computer for me to borrow then she set up the projector and made sure it was working for me.
Later in the afternoon I attended her workshop on executive function and metacognition. Her presentation got me thinking about how our curriculum supports executive functioning skills / metacognition and how we can improve.
For those of you who are not familiar with fancy smancy teacher words, some executive functioning skills are:
Self regulation - the ability to deal with frustrations when faced with a problem.
Memory - storing and retrieving information.
Focus - the ability to sustain attention on a task for an extended amount of time.
Ability to plan - time management - understanding sequence of events.
Integrating knowledge - taking information from several different sources and using it in a new and different way.
Engaging in group dynamics - Collaboration - respecting peers - being a team player
It's pretty heavy duty stuff.
- Helping them to identify when they are thinking,
- Offering them perspective on the issue / problem
- Teaching them coping skills for dealing with the stress that naturally arises as they figure things out for themselves.
Metacognition is important because kids who can manage stress better are more capable of being persistent, thinking creatively and generating innovative ideas.
|Learning to use a saw can be very challenging, it's much harder than it looks! Working on projects that are both engaging and challenging helps children work through the frustration of not being able to be immediately successful at something.|
Professor Allison shared some of these handy dandy questions and phrases that encourage metacognition:
“Let’s check your work.” When children say they are done with their work, we can use the phrase “Let’s check your work” as we take them back to the job and have them look around to see if the work is actually completed. The activity encourages children to self correct and be accountable for their work instead of having the adult do all the thinking.
“What problems did you identify?” Instead of pointing out the obvious problems the child faces while working on a project, let him struggle a little and encourage him to notice problems on his own. If he looks for some time but has difficulty identifying the problem model “noticing” as a means to identify problems then allow him to solve them.
For instance, if the child is having trouble with a block structure use a phrase such as “I notice you have small blocks on the bottom and the big blocks on top keep tipping over. I wonder what would happen if you started out with bigger blocks on the bottom?”
“Tell me why you think that?” Whether a child is correct or incorrect in her beliefs encouraging her to express her ideas gives us insight as to where she is coming from so we can help her integrate new information into what she already knows.
“I need the details.” Identifying and expressing the details of a situation helps children think critically about the beliefs they hold to be true. It also illustrates the concept that in order to be persuasive a person needs to be able to support her argument with evidence.
The following phrases are some of Professor Allison's metacognitive prompts that parents and teachers can use to encourage children to think more purposefully:
What would happen if?
I wonder why?
Why do you suppose?
Did you notice?
What makes you say that?
I don’t believe it.
I was madly in love with her job chart, instead of listing the run of the mill fish feeder / plant waterer she devised these meaningful metacognitive jobs:
Humanitarian: Notices when things in the environment need to be done and does them. For example the humanitarian is responsible for noticing trash on the playground and cleaning it up.
Negotiator: Helps children solve disputes. Professor Allison encourages children to use the phrase “I need to confer with the teacher” as a pause in the problem solving process when the negotiator is unsure of how to help peers resolve conflicts. Adults are on standby to consult in generating a solution but the children are still responsible for resolving the dispute.
Safe keeper: The person who keeps people safe by noticing unsafe things in the environment.
Friend: Is a friend when other children need a friend. Great for kids who are socially awkward or don’t come easily to making friends.
Greeter: Greets friends in the morning and asks children how they would like to be greeted so that they learn to communicate, respect and respond in a way that their peers are receptive to.
Problem solver: Helps children solve problems in the physical world such as figuring out why the block tower won’t stand.
Our group is small so we will be using a much less formal way of incorporating the jobs into our daily activities but so far it’s been a smashing success!